Rani Lakshmibai, Rani of Jhansi, also known as manikarnika was an Indian queen. She was one of the leading figures in the Indian Rebellion of 1857 and became a symbol of Indian nationalists against British rule in India. Rani Lakshmibai was born on November 19, 1828 in the city of Varanasi. Her name is Manikarnika Tambe and her nickname is Manu. Her father is Moropant Tambe and her mother is Bhagirathi Sapre. His parents are from Tambe village of Guhagar taluka located in Ratnagiri district of Maharashtra.
Rani Lakshmibai married Maharaja of Jhansi, Gangadhar Rao Newalkar, in May 1842 and was later called Lakshmibai in honor of the Hindu goddess Devi Lakshmi and according to Maharashtrian tradition the women received get a new name after marriage. In September 1851, she gave birth to a son, later named Damodar Rao, who died four months after birth from chronic illness. Maharaja adopted a child named Anand Rao, son of cousin Gangadhar Rao, whose name was changed to Damodar Rao, the day before Maharaja died.