Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar (April 14, 1891 – December 6, 1956) was an Indian jurist, economist, social reformer and political leader who led the committee that drafted the Constitution India from the Constituent Assembly debates, was the Minister of Law and Justice in Jawaharlal the first cabinet of Nehru, and inspired the Buddhist Dalit movement after he renounced Hinduism.
Ambedkar fought for equality all his life, so his birthday is celebrated as “Equality Day” in India, and the claim that the day be declared an “International Equality Day” sent to the United Nations. He defended a social system based on just relationships between people and people in all areas of life.
Ambedkar graduated from Elphinstone College, Bombay University, and studied economics at Columbia University and the London School of Economics, earning a doctorate in 1927 and 1923 respectively and was one of the few Indian students to have achieved this. at both schools in the 1920s. At the beginning of his career, he was an economist, professor and lawyer. His later life was marked by his political activities; He participated in the campaign and negotiations for Indian independence, published journals, defended the political rights and social freedoms of the Dalits, and made a significant contribution to the establishment of Indian state. Later, he converted to Buddhism, initiating the mass conversion of Dalits.
In 1907, he exceeded his matriculation exam and withinside the following 12 months he entered Elphinstone College, which became affiliated to the University of Bombay, becoming, consistent with him, the primary from his Mahar caste to do so. When he exceeded his English fourth preferred examinations, the humans of his network desired to have a good time due to the fact they taken into consideration that he had reached “excellent heights” which he says became “rarely an event as compared to the nation of training in different communities”
In 1913, on the age of 22, Ambedkar became offered a Baroda State Scholarship of £11.50 consistent with month for 3 years beneathneath a scheme mounted through Sayajirao Gaekwad III, that became designed to offer possibilities for postgraduate training at Columbia University in New York City. While practicing regulation withinside the Bombay High Court, he attempted to sell training to untouchables and uplift them. His first organised try became his established order of the primary organization Bahishkrit Hitakarini Sabha, supposed to sell training and socio-financial improvement, in addition to the welfare of “outcastes”, on the time called depressed classes. For the defence of Dalit rights, he commenced many periodicals like Mook Nayak, Bahishkrit Bharat, and Equality Janta. In 1935, Ambedkar became appointed foremost of the Government Law College, Bombay, a function he held for 2 years. He additionally served because the chairman of Governing frame of Ramjas College, University of Delhi, after the dying of its Founder Shri Rai Kedarnath. Settling in Bombay, Ambedkar oversaw the development of a house, and stocked his private library with extra than 50,000 books. His spouse Ramabai died after a protracted contamination.
He was not only a constitutional expert, administrator, legislator, but also a great nation-builder, educator, social reformer and religious leader. He is not only remembered as the father of the Indian constitution but also as a leading crusader against unpopularity. After India gained its independence on 15 August 1947, the new Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru invited Ambedkar to serve as the Minister of Justice of the Autonomous Kingdom of India; two weeks later, he was appointed chairman of the committee that drafted the constitution of the future Republic of India. He has various qualities such as efficiency, honesty, revolutionary attitude, visionary attitude, leadership ability, non-violent attitude and ambitious thoughts. These qualities make him the ideal person for the younger generation.
Young people can be inspired by his personality and successfully complete the journey of life. Ambedkar used her upbringing to fight for equality, brotherhood and freedom. He believes that society will only progress when women are empowered and thus protect women’s right to higher education and employment. He has written a number of books and columns highlighting the fundamental and human rights of all. Ambedkarism includes the principles of Navayana and Freedom, Equality and Fraternity as well as Democratic Socialism and Constitutionalism. An Ambedkarite is one who follows the philosophy of Ambedkar.